Irrigation Systems – An Introduction
Micro Irrigation System also called drip irrigation is a method of irrigation carrying desired water and nutrients direct to the root zone of the plant or crop drop by drop or in drops. The micro irrigation system offers its users or farming community, more crop yield for every drop of water in addition to saving on labor costs and water savings. It is estimated that using micro irrigation system can save up to 70% of wastage of water and other micronutrients.
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The need of micro irrigation system to be applied for arises from the following advantages-
- To make the agriculture/horticulture more productive
- To produce more from the limited land, water, and labor resources without harming the environment
- To generate higher farming income
- To help in employment generation through farming and non-farming activities
- To save on energy, water, fertilizer consumption
- To achieve early maturity and higher yield of crops and other plantations
The concept of micro irrigation system can be traced back to the ancient practices of primitive drip irrigation during the 1st century BCE in China where the use of buried, glazed clay pots filled with water was used as a means of irrigation. However, the modern micro irrigation system began developing in Germany during the mid 19th century when researchers began experimenting with subsurface irrigation using clay pipelines to create a combination of irrigation and drainage systems. As of now, the micro irrigation systems under its umbrella consists of drip irrigation system, sprinkler irrigation system, micro sprinklers, micro jets, rain guns, gravity fed drip system, semi-permanent sprinkler system.
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Micro Irrigation Systems Market – Critical Overview
The global micro irrigation market worth was $3.84 billion during 2016 that is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 17.84% to reach $8.71 billion by 2021. Micro irrigation systems have emerged as one of the most cost efficient ways of watering plants and crops in a controlled manner thus fulfilling the need for achieving food security under growing water scarcity resulting in the need for efficient water management. The micro irrigation system requires less water, minimizes water wastage resulting in higher crop yield and agricultural productivity when compared with traditional furrow and flood irrigation systems.
The strong population growth combined with an increased demand for food will continue to influence the demand for the micro irrigation system. The growth in the market can also be attributed to the support from the local governments to implement micro irrigation systems as a standard practice to conserve water resources especially in developing economies like India, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Thailand and other third world nations. The other factors that are helping the expansion of micro irrigation system market size includes the development of advanced technologies in the field of agriculture such as irrigation solutions based on sensors for real time feedback on temperature, PH-Value, humidity and soil moisture, introduction of Variable Rate Irrigation (VRI) technology for central pivots and lateral move systems.
Segmentation of Global Micro Irrigation System – A Market Watch
The global micro irrigation system is now widely recognized as one of the fastest emerging segments in the global agricultural industry. As such, the global micro irrigation system is segmented based on Type, End User and Application. Based on Type – Micro Irrigation System is broadly classified into-
- Drip Irrigation System
- Sprinkler Irrigation System
- Central Pivot Irrigation System
- Later Move Irrigation System
Based on End Users – the global micro irrigation system market is classified as:
- Industrial Users
Based on Applications – the micro irrigation systems market is aptly divided into-
- Plantation Crops
- Orchid Crops and Vineyards
- Field Crops
- Forage and Turf Grasses
The demand for micro irrigation systems based on applications is highest for orchid crops accounting for over 30% of the global market whereas sprinkler irrigation systems dominated the micro irrigation system based on type accounting for more than 30% of the revenue share during 2014.
Geographically, North America accounts for approximately 30% of the global revenue share of micro irrigation systems. However, an increasing adoption of micro irrigation system to conserve water as well reduce labor cost in agriculture centric economies of Asia-Pacific regions is expected to augment the growth of the global micro irrigation systems market in the coming decades as per the available micro irrigation system market trends and global forecasts.