Agricultural Biologicals Market Introduction:
Agricultural Biologicals Market: There is a great demand for organic products among the general populace which has led to the growth of global agricultural biologicals market in the recent years. Agricultural biologicals are seed treatment products which are made from naturally available products. It replaces chemicals that are used in agriculture farming. The biologicals are used to protect plants and crops from weeds, pests, and diseases and helps in the maintenance of health of the crops. Moreover, the biologicals act as a suitable alternative to chemical and synthetic fertilizers. These are extracted from naturally occurring organisms and plant extracts and have an economical production process. It largely contributes not only to the environmental wellness but also to the human health wellness.
In the past, there was an increased usage of agrochemicals that helped in increasing the agricultural productivity but had an adverse negative effect on water quality, soil health, and production quality. These factors triggered problems like the genetic variation in plants, insect resistance, and development of toxic residues in food. Thus, the overuse of these pesticides created a need for alternatives and this is where agricultural biologicals come into the picture.
Agricultural Biologicals Market Recent Developments:
With the growing demand for food, feed and fodder globally, there are opportunities in selected crops where biopesticides can be utilized as a component of the IPM (Integrated Pest Management). There has been a growing trend of Biopesticide adoption in the market, with the current estimated global production being more than 3000 tons per year. Some of the biopesticides that are under development are based on locally available plants like neem, Triphala, garlic, Pinus Kesia, etc. These naturally available plants can be easily processed and made available to the farmers. In order to improve the efficiency of these biopesticides, recombinant DNA technology is being deployed.
To develop the next generation biopesticides, Novel fusion proteins are being designed. This technology allows carrier proteins to combine with the toxin, which is not toxic for bigger animals but for insect pests when consumed orally. Several other methods are also being applied to develop biopesticides to be more efficient and effective for the pests in farms.
There were various laboratory experiments being performed in the last five years, especially aiming for the introduction of new products for stimulating plant growth (based on amino acids). Two formulations were produced by INTERMAG Co. (Poland) – AminoHort and AminoPrim which contained 2.1% and 0.27% microelement and 20% and 15% amino acid content respectively. Field applications show that the increase in grain yield of winter wheat is because of amino acid based products. Laboratory tests show an increase of characteristics of grain such as Zeleny sedimentation index, the content of protein and ash content. The tested preparations, when given at different doses, contribute to an increase in nutrient contents in grains. Amino acid-based Biostimulants can be considered as a good option for an efficient agricultural production in the future.
Biofertilizer is a substance that contains living microorganisms which when applied to plants, soils or seeds promotes the growth of plants/crops by increasing the supply of essential nutrients. Microorganisms which are utilized as biofertilizers are Nitrogen Fixers (Rhizobium Spp, Azotobacter chroococcum, and Cyanobacteria), Potassium solubilizers (Bacillus mucilaginous), Phosphorus solubilizers (Bacillus megaterium, Aspergillus fumigatus), Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza, and PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria).
The use and development of microbial-based fertilizers have been recently gaining significance largely due to the negative impact of chemical fertilizers on the environment. Researchers started closely observing the behavior and relationship between soil and microorganisms in the rhizosphere which can assist in promoting the plant growth. The utilization of microbial-based fertilizers is not a recently developed agricultural practice, as it was long being used by Egyptians in the paddy field which helped them to increase the productivity of Rice. A very particular kind of inocula that is formed by Cyanobacteria (Aulosira, Anabaena, and Nostoc) is used as a biofertilizer for rice crops. It is gaining huge importance in the developing nations of South East Asia.
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