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Pulished Date September, 2020
ID: 10256
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Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market Segmentation By product (Conventional and Hybrid Units), by technology (Thermal Based and Membrane Based Technology), by end-user (Energy & Power, Food & Beverage, Chemicals & Petrochemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Textile and others), and Region - Industry Forecast to 2025

Pulished: September, 2020
ID: 10256
Pages: 175

Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market overview:

The zero liquid discharge systems industry was close to USD 5.1 billion in the year 2020 and is predicted to reach to USD 8.5 billion by the end of year 2025, with a CAGR of 8.4% from 2020 to 2025. The Increase in market value can be attributed to the limited availability of freshwater and the implementation of strict environmental regulations and water scarcity throughout the world. Zero Liquid Discharge (or ZLD) is a type of technique employed for wastewater treatment, in which the wastewater is first recycled and then purified for later use. The process helps eliminate water leaks throughout the process, without wasting water. Zero liquid discharge systems are employed in various industries, such as semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, textiles, food and beverages, chemicals, and petrochemicals, among others.

Over the past decade, the availability of fresh water has drastically declined around the world. Also, water pollution has escalated dramatically. Escalating industrialization, in turn, has led to a significant hike in the volume of wastewater generated, especially from energy and electricity production, as well as from municipal water and effluent treatment plants.

Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Recent Developments Industry:

  • If the Center gets states to join, it will not let any of the drains between the Gangotri and Gangasagar to open into the Ganges River to discharge municipal and industrial wastewater. A small step in this direction was taken when the government decided to launch a pilot project to inaugurate a "zero liquid discharge" regime.
  • Dollar Industries Ltd enjoying a 15% market share in the branded headwear sector. As environmentally-friendly manufacturing is the need of the day, Dollar Industries' Tirupur became the first textile group in India to meet zero liquid discharge guidelines.

Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market Drivers

Relevant environmental agencies and government authorities have formulated and implemented various regulations aimed at conserving water and preventing water pollution. Agencies such as the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Indian Waterworks Association, and the European Water Association, as well as government agencies, are actively involved in establishing regulations governing the discharge and reuse of water. Water conservation and treatment efforts are predicted to have driven call for zero liquid discharge systems around the world during the evaluation period. With escalating urbanization, there has been a substantial increase in the call for electricity. Power generation is predicted to see solid expansion during the foreseen period.


The high initial installation and operating costs of the ZLD plant or system will be a key constraining factor for future market expansion.


The growing need for potable and consumable water, along with growing concerns about water decontamination, will drive market call for zero liquid discharge systems by 2025. Strengthening government initiatives for the implementation of wastewater treatment plants in most industries that generate the most wastewater from their factories, the call for ZLD will increase over the foreseen period. Zero liquid discharge is a type of wastewater treatment technology in which it purifies and recycles wastewater without discharging liquid at the end of the process.


ZLD systems require a trained professional to operate the plant due to their complex procedures and the unit also requires a large space to accommodate, which can be a difficult factor for the market. Lack of knowledge about wastewater concentrate disposal in various regions will also hamper market expansion.




Market Size Available

2019 – 2025

Base Year


Forecast Period

2020 - 2025



Segments Covered

By Product, Type, Consumption, Distribution Channel and Region

Various Analyses Covered

Global, Regional & Country Level Analysis, Segment-Level Analysis, DROC, PESTLE Analysis, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, Competitive Landscape, Analyst Overview on Investment Opportunities

Regions Covered

North America, Europe, APAC, Latin America, Middle East & Africa







Market Leaders Profiled


GE Water & Process Technologies, Veolia Water Technologies, GEA Group AG, Praj Industries Ltd, Aquatech International LLC, H2O GmbH, U.S. Water Services, Inc, Aquarion AG, Saltworks Technologies Inc., Doosan Hydro Technology LLC, Petro Sep Corporation, Ide Technologies, Degremont Technologies, L&T Constructions, Oasys Water Inc., Samco Technologies Inc, Water Next Solutions Private Limited, Awas International GmbH, CondorchemEnvitech, Hydro Air Research Italia, Mcwong Environmental & Energy Group, Memsys GmbH, ZLD Technologies Pvt Ltd and others.



Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market Segmentation:

By product:

  • Conventional
  • Hybrid Units

Conventional ZLD plants help filter out highly soluble salts, such as calcium and ammonium chlorides, and some heavy metal salts that cannot crystallize without evaporating.

By technology:

  • Thermal Based
  • Membrane Based Technology

The membrane-based segment will grow at a significant CAGR of more than 5.5% in the near future. The hybrid based ZLD process includes a pre-treatment unit with brine filtration, stripped through RO preconcentration and further purification in a falling film MVR evaporator.

By end user:

  • Energy & Power
  • Food & Beverage
  • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Textile
  • Others

The chemical and petrochemical industry is predicted to grow with the highest CAGR of around 6% in the future. It is one of the industries that consumes the most water in the world.

Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Regional Analysis:
The Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Report includes the segmentation of Regions with their respective Countries.

  • North America 
  • Europe.
  • Asia Pacific 
  • Latin America 
  • The Middle East & Africa 

North America had a significant share of the zero liquid discharge systems market due to the gradual increase in population and industries, along with the boom in water and wastewater treatment facilities. The segment is said to grow at a significant rate of more than 5% in the foreseen period. Asia Pacific is the fastest-growing region in the worldwide market and will expand at the highest CAGR of about 8.5% in the future. Escalating industrialization and large numbers of people create a large deficit in the amount of fresh water. Industries in the region are responsible for producing large amounts of wastewater, which will increase the call of the regional market in the coming years. The South American market for zero liquid discharge systems is predicted to grow at the highest CAGR during the foreseen period. Strong call from Brazil and Argentina is predicted to drive the market in this area. Escalating population, high call for freshwater, and improving economic conditions in the countries of this region are driving the expansion of the zero liquid discharge systems market. The North America region had the largest share of the worldwide zero liquid discharge market in 2019 and a similar trend is predicted to continue during the foreseen period.

Competitive Landscape:

The worldwide market for zero discharge of liquids is predicted to be well established and competition is focused on improving the market positioning of water treatment technologies. Major market players account for about half of the market share and continue to capitalize on strategic acquisitions to gain a competitive advantage. For example, in September 2019, Suez acquired GE Water & Process Technologies, in order to cover the entire water resources management value chain and expand access to industrial customers.

Key Players:

Few of the major competitors currently working in the zero liquid discharge system market are GE Water & Process Technologies, Veolia Water Technologies, GEA Group AG, Praj Industries Ltd, Aquatech International LLC, H2O GmbH, U.S. Water Services, Inc, Aquarion AG, Saltworks Technologies Inc., Doosan Hydro Technology LLC, Petro Sep Corporation, Ide Technologies, Degremont Technologies, L&T Constructions, Oasys Water Inc., Samco Technologies Inc, Water Next Solutions Private Limited, Awas International GmbH, CondorchemEnvitech, Hydro Air Research Italia, Mcwong Environmental & Energy Group, Memsys GmbH, ZLD Technologies Pvt Ltd and others.


1. Introduction                             

              1.1 Market Definition                  

              1.2 Scope of the report               

              1.3 Study Assumptions               

              1.4 Base Currency, Base Year and Forecast Periods                       

2. Research Methodology                                       

              2.1 Analysis Design                      

              2.2 Research Phases                    

                             2.2.1 Secondary Research          

                             2.2.2 Primary Research 

                             2.2.3 Data Modelling    

                             2.2.4 Expert Validation 

              2.3 Study Timeline                       

3. Report Overview                                    

              3.1 Executive Summary              

              3.2 Key Inferencees                     

4. Market Dynamics                                   

              4.1 Impact Analysis                      

                             4.1.1 Drivers     

                             4.1.2 Restaints 

                             4.1.3 Opportunities       

              4.2 Regulatory Environment                    

              4.3 Technology Timeline & Recent Trends                         

5. Competitor Benchmarking Analysis                                

              5.1 Key Player Benchmarking                   

                             5.1.1 Market share analysis       

                             5.1.2 Products/Service  

                             5.1.3 Regional Presence

              5.2 Mergers & Acquistion Landscape                   

              5.3 Joint Ventures & Collaborations                     

6. Market Segmentation                                          

              6.1 Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market, By Product                      

                             6.1.1 Conventional        

                             6.1.2 Hybrid Units          

                             6.1.3 Market Size Estimations & Forecasts (2019-2024) 

                             6.1.4 Y-o-Y Growth Rate Analysis            

                             6.1.5 Market Attractiveness Index          

              6.2 Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market, By Technology                

                             6.2.1 Thermal Based     

                             6.2.2 Membrane Based Technology       

                             6.2.3 Market Size Estimations & Forecasts (2019-2024) 

                             6.2.4 Y-o-Y Growth Rate Analysis            

                             6.2.5 Market Attractiveness Index          

              6.3 Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market, By End-User                    

                             6.3.1 Energy & Power   

                             6.3.2 Food & Beverage 

                             6.3.3 Chemicals & Petrochemicals          

                             6.3.4 Pharmaceuticals  

                             6.3.5 Textile      

                             6.3.6 Market Size Estimations & Forecasts (2019-2024) 

                             6.3.7 Y-o-Y Growth Rate Analysis            

                             6.3.8 Market Attractiveness Index          

7. Geographical Landscape                                     

              7.1 Global Identity Governance and Administration Market, by Region                            

              7.2 North America - Market Analysis (2018 - 2024)                        

                             7.2.1 By Country            



                             7.2.2 By Product             

                             7.2.3 By Technology      

                             7.2.4 By End-User          

              7.3 Europe                      

                             7.3.1 By Country            






                                  Rest of Europe

                             7.3.2 By Product             

                             7.3.3 By Technology      

                             7.3.4 By End-User          

              7.4 Asia Pacific                

                             7.4.1 By Country            




                                  South Korea

                                  South East Asia

                                  Australia & NZ

                                  Rest of Asia-Pacific

                             7.4.2 By Product             

                             7.4.3 By Technology      

                             7.4.4 By End-User          

              7.5 Latin America                         

                             7.5.1 By Country            




                                  Rest of Latin America

                             7.5.2 By Product             

                             7.5.3 By Technology      

                             7.5.4 By End-User          

              7.6 Middle East and Africa                       

                             7.6.1 By Country            

                                  Middle East


                             7.6.2 By Product             

                             7.6.3 By Technology      

                             7.6.4 By End-User          

8. Key Player Analysis                                

              8.1 GE Water & Process Technologies                  

                             8.1.1 Business Description         

                             8.1.2 Products/Service  

                             8.1.3 Financials

                             8.1.4 SWOT Analysis     

                             8.1.5 Recent Developments       

                             8.1.6 Analyst Overview 

              8.2 Veolia Water Technologies                

              8.3 GEA Group AG                       

              8.4 Praj Industries Ltd                 

              8.5 Aquatech International LLC               

              8.6 Aquarion AG                           

              8.7 Saltworks Technologies Inc                

              8.8 L&T Constructions                 

              8.9 Samco Technologies Inc                     

              8.10 Awas International GmbH               

9. Market Outlook & Investment Opportunities                             


              List of Tables                   

              List of Figures                 

  • Global, regional and country-level analysis and forecasts of the study market; providing Insights on the major countries/regions in which this industry is blooming and to also identify the regions that are still untapped
  • Segment-level analysis in terms of technology, component, and type along with market size forecasts and estimations to detect key areas of industry growth in detail
  • Identification of key drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges (DROC) in the market and their impact on shifting market dynamics
  • Study of the effect of exogenous and endogenous factors that affect the global market; which includes broadly demographic, economics, and political, among other macro-environmental factors presented in an extensive PESTLE Analysis
  • Study the micro environment factors that determine the overall profitability of an Industry, using Porter’s five forces analysis for analysing the level of competition and business strategy development
  • A comprehensive list of key market players along with their product portfolio, current strategic interests, key financial information, legal issues, SWOT analysis and analyst overview to study and sustain the market environment
  • Competitive landscape analysis listing out the mergers, acquisitions, collaborations in the field along with new product launches, comparative financial studies and recent developments in the market by the major companies
  • An executive summary, abridging the entire report in such a way that decision-making personnel can rapidly become acquainted with background information, concise analysis and main conclusions
  • Expertly devised analyst overview along with Investment opportunities to provide both individuals and organizations a strong financial foothold in the market
  1. Global Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  2. Global Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market By Product, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  3. Global Conventional Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  4. Global Hybrid Units Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  5. Global Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market By Technology, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  6. Global Thermal Based Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  7. Global Membrane Based Technology Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  8. Global Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Market By End-User, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  9. Global Energy & Power Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  10. Global Food & Beverage Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  11. Global Chemicals & Petrochemicals Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  12. Global Pharmaceuticals Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )
  13. Global Textile Market By Region, From 2020-2025 ( USD Billion )


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